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Patricia Clarke Patricia Clarke i(A11460 works by) (a.k.a. Mary Patricia Clarke)
Born: Established: 1926 ;
Gender: Female
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Works By

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1 In the Days of Print : Four Women Journalists in World War II Patricia Clarke , 2020 single work biography
— Appears in: Australian Journal of Biography and History , no. 4 2020; (p. 3-28)
'Early in 1943 at a critical point in the Pacific campaign in World War II, the Australian Government arranged a tour for selected women journalists to operational bases in eastern Australia stretching from Wagga Wagga and Uranquinty in south-western New South Wales to Cairns and Mareeba in north Queensland. The purpose of the tour was to gain publicity for the women’s services with the aim of increasing enlistments to release servicemen to fight in New Guinea. It was a break from government policy under which women journalists were confined to reporting war activities situated close to the headquarters of the organisations they worked for. But it was still a far cry from accrediting women journalists to report from overseas battlefields, a goal they had long pursued without success.' (Introduction)
1 1 y separately published work icon Great Expectations : Emigrant Governesses in Colonial Australia Patricia Clarke , Canberra : National Library of Australia , 2020 18827966 2020 multi chapter work biography

'Teach your protégées to emigrate; send them where the men want wives, the mothers want governesses

'For educated middle-class women in nineteenth-century Britain, options were limited. Marry and bear children, accept the drudgery of keeping house for relatives or friends, or attempt to find a position in one of the very few industries that would employ women. This is the story of a group of intrepid ladies who found a different solution on the other side of the world.

'Wanted, a Governess competent to teach music, dancing, and the usual branches of education. Respectable references required.

'The Female Middle Class Emigration Society scheme helped governesses and would-be governesses emigrate to the colonies from 1861 to 1886. The women who participated were encouraged to write back to the society, and it is their letters—sometimes plaintive, sometimes upbeat—that form the heart of this book. Written by women who were often fluent in multiple foreign languages, skilled artists and musicians, able to teach the liberal arts, as well as algebra and geometry, the letters describe wildly different experiences and stories of culture clash abound.

'In my new home I shall make acquaintance with a new class of people—the nouveaux riches, but I may consider myself now colonized

'Some women gained employment with well-established families even before their ships had docked, formed close relationships with their employers or found husbands. Dublin-born Mary Bayly had a heavy workload teaching the six Hills children of Cooks River, New South Wales, English, French, German, Latin, music and singing, but her employers were ‘very kind’, she found the Australian scenery beautiful—‘As to the Harbour and the views over the sea, they can never to me lose their charming freshness and attractiveness’—and she eventually married an Australian-born teacher who would rise to the position of headmaster, thereby retaining her middle-class status.

'Be sensible, undergo a little domestic training and come out here to take your chance

'Some women battled extreme loneliness, wild colonial boys and girls, unsupportive employers, poverty and disillusionment. Rosa Phayne, daughter of an accountant, considered her fellow ship passengers ‘so very low and horrid a set’, described Melbourne as ‘beyond anything abominable in every respect’ and, despite finding a position on a sheep station in the Victorian Wimmera, wrote that her employer had ‘not one feeling like a lady, although one ostensibly’ and declared life in Australia for a governess one of ‘intense loneliness and unprotectedness, utter friendlessness’.

'I am very glad I came to Australia, but I cannot say I like it very much, it is such an out-of-the-world place and so monotonous

'Others were great observers of the Australian character. According to Gertrude Gooch, ‘All Australians ride like Arabs, love luxury and money. They live very much out of doors and eat great quantities of fruit’. The women ‘are certainly very indolent and untidy’, which explained their offspring: ‘Australian children are just like the vegetation here for neither appear to submit to much control. Pineapples, peaches and the finest fruit grow in open air without care and the children are equally wild and impetuous’.

'Great Expectations tells of the colonial experiences of a particular group of emigrant women, but it also tells a broader story, of emigration, education, class prejudice and the development of Australian society.' (Publication summary)

1 Frances Taylor, Founder and Editor, Guides Woman’s World to Success Patricia Clarke , 2019 single work biography
— Appears in: The La Trobe Journal , September no. 103 2019; (p. 40-56)
'When Frances Taylor began a monthly journal, Woman’s World, in December 1921 in Melbourne, which she edited, produced and managed herself, sceptics forecast ‘a speedy death’.1 Two years was regarded as the most a periodical not backed by an established publisher or media interests could expect to survive.2 Against the odds, Woman’s World flourished and within four years had 12,000 readers.3 Several factors contributed to its success, particularly the unique way in which Taylor combined traditional women’s magazine topics of homemaking, mothercraft and fashion with promotion of female independence at a time when a new world of freedom was opening for women. She promoted her vision of independence through articles on women in new fields – for example, building weekenders, travelling to exotic destinations and taking up motoring – and by publicising women in unusual occupations. To this she added her pioneering exploitation of radio broadcasts to publicise her publication and attract readers.' (Introduction)
1 Bravery and Disaffection on the Western Front : The Letters of Major Lyndhurst Falkiner Giblin DSO, MC Patricia Clarke , 2016 single work biography
— Appears in: The National Library of Australia Magazine , March vol. 8 no. 1 2016; (p. 27-30)
'Major Lyndhurst Falkiner Giblin was a brave First World War officer who led his men of the Tasmanian 40th Battalion in desperate battles on the Western Front. He was wounded three times and awarded the Military Cross and the Distinguished Service Order, decorations that suggest he was in the mould of a conventional, courageous AIF officer. His wartime letters held in the Library’s Manuscripts Collection, however, reveal a more complex, nuanced attitude to the war than an account of his bravery and leadership might suggest.' (Introduction)
1 The Island Patricia Clarke , 2016 extract criticism (Rosa! Rosa! : A Life of Rosa Praed, Novelist and Spiritualist)
— Appears in: Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism , no. 319 2016; (p. 253-260)
1 On the Frontier Patricia Clarke , 2016 extract criticism (Rosa! Rosa! : A Life of Rosa Praed, Novelist and Spiritualist)
— Appears in: Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism , no. 319 2016; (p. 248-253)
[In the following essays, Clarke first offers an account of Praed's early life in the Australian bush and her experiences as a young adult accompanying her father to social events in Brisbane. Clarke observes that the author's time spent listening to "the machinations of Queensland politicians and society figures in their public and prime lives gave her a wider knowledge of human nature" than her English contemporaries assumed she possessed. Clarke then discusses Praed's marriage and her subsequent move to Curtis Island. noting that the "oppressive isolation of her situation" can be felt throughout her novels set on the island.] (Publication abstract)
1 Australian Journalist Reports from the ‘Storm Centre of Asia’ : Manzou (Manchuria), 1931-32 : Janet Mitchell Journalist, Internationalist, Educationalist Patricia Clarke , 2016 single work biography
— Appears in: Victorian Historical Journal , December vol. 87 no. 2 2016; (p. 217-236)
'In the early 1930s Janet Mitchell was in a unique position to report the Japanese occupation of Manzhou (Manchuria), an event now regarded as the forerunner of World War II. She watched as Japanese troops marched into the strategic city of Harbin and observed the League of Nations remain impotent as Japan occupied the Chinese province. Her opportunities in journalism, hard-won and precarious, flowed from her participation in international organisations but she turned to senior roles in education for intermittent financial security. Her life story illustrates the difficulties highly qualified and dedicated women faced in pursuing careers in the period between the wars. ' (Publication abstract)
1 Newton, Maxwell (1929–90) Patricia Clarke , 2014 single work companion entry
— Appears in: A Companion to the Australian Media : N 2014; (p. 315)
1 Press, Australian Capital Territory Patricia Clarke , 2014 single work companion entry
— Appears in: A Companion to the Australian Media : P 2014; (p. 348-349)
1 Women in the Media Patricia Clarke , 2014 single work companion entry
— Appears in: A Companion to the Australian Media : W 2014; (p. 495-498)
1 Boling, (Elizabeth) Dulcie (1936-) Patricia Clarke , 2014 single work companion entry
— Appears in: A Companion to the Australian Media : B 2014; (p. 68-69)
1 Allan, Stella May (1871-1962) Patricia Clarke , 2014 single work companion entry
— Appears in: A Companion to the Australian Media : A 2014; (p. 18)
1 Queensland's First Professional Woman Journalist : Mary Hannay Foott Patricia Clarke , 2014 single work biography
— Appears in: Queensland History Journal , February vol. 22 no. 4 2014; (p. 303-315)
1 7 y separately published work icon Eilean Giblin : A Feminist between the Wars Patricia Clarke , Clayton : Monash University Publishing , 2013 6581345 2013 single work biography

'Eilean Giblin arrived in Australia from England in 1919 with a shipload of war brides, almost certainly the only woman not wearing a wedding ring. She believed both husband and wife should have rings or neither. She brought with her a commitment to women’s rights and social justice developed through the suffrage movement and left-wing social and political circles. During the next three decades, in three Australian cities, she worked to advance her feminist and humanitarian ideals.

'In Hobart in the 1920s she campaigned for ‘equal citizenship’; she was the first woman appointed to a Tasmanian hospital board, and she represented Tasmania at the 1923 International Woman Suffrage Congress in Rome. In Melbourne in the 1930s she led a committee that achieved the long sought goal of a non-denominational university women’s college. And in Canberra during World War II she was one of a small minority of Australians who championed the cause of the enemy aliens, many of them Jewish, deported from Britain on the ship Dunera, and she set off on a lone 500 kilometre journey to investigate their internment camp conditions.

'Patricia Clarke draws on original records and evidence, such as Giblin’s diary kept during World War II – a unique social record and a powerful witness to the immense suffering and futility of war – to portray the courageous public and private life of this unconventional feminist.' (Publisher's blurb)

2 A Novel Take on Canberra Patricia Clarke , 2012 single work criticism
— Appears in: Canberra Historical Journal , May no. 68 2012; (p. 15-22)

— Appears in: The Canberra Times , 22 September 2012; (p. 10-11)
1 Bushmen's Barbeque Patricia Clarke , 2011 single work short story
— Appears in: 100 Stories for Queensland : In Aid of the Survivors of the Queensland Floods 2011; (p. 57-59)
1 Tasma in a Harem : A 'Lost' Story Patricia Clarke , 2010 single work criticism
— Appears in: Margin , April no. 80 2010; (p. 15-22)

Patricia Clarks writes of her search and discovery of Jessie Couvreur's articles 'Women in a Harem'.

1 Rosa Praed's Lifeline to Her Australian Past Patricia Clarke , 2009 single work criticism
— Appears in: Margin , July/August no. 78 2009; (p. 5-15) Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism , no. 319 2016; (p. 304-400)
1 James Calvert, Louisa Atkinson and the Plains of Promise : The Story Behind Louisa Atkinson's Last Novel Patricia Clarke , 2009 single work criticism
— Appears in: Margin , April no. 77 2009; (p. 20-34)

Patricia Clarke argues that the Queensland scenes of Louisa Atkinson's novel Tressa's Resolve are 'clearly based on her husband's [James Calvert's] recollections of the harsh nature of the country he travelled over during his historic fifteen months journey to Port Essington [with Ludwig Leichhardt in 1844-45] and on his scepticism of the grandiose plans for settlement, particularly of the district that was deceptively named 'The Plains of Promise'.' (28)

1 A Note on the Henry Handel Richardson Society Tour Patricia Clarke , 2008 single work column
— Appears in: Margin , November no. 76 2008; (p. 36)
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