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Carol Hetherington Carol Hetherington i(A23373 works by)
Born: Established: 1945 Lancashire,
United Kingdom (UK),
Western Europe, Europe,
Gender: Female
Arrived in Australia: 1946
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Works By

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1 Retrieving a World of Fiction : Building an Index and an Archive of Serialized Novels in Australian Newspapers, 1850-1914 Katherine Bode , Carol Hetherington , 2014 single work criticism
— Appears in: Script & Print , vol. 38 no. 4 2014; (p. 197-211) The Indexer , June vol. 33 no. 1 2015; (p. 57-65)

'Two and a half decades ago in this journal Elizabeth Morrison made an impassioned and persuasive case for creating an index to serial fiction in Australian (or Australasian) newspapers...'

1 Arthur W. Upfield Retrospective Carol Hetherington , 2012 single work review
— Appears in: The Australasian Journal of Popular Culture , vol. 1 no. 2 2012; (p. 269-273)

— Review of The Bony Bulletin 1981-1990 periodical (3 issues); The Beach of Atonement Arthur W. Upfield , 1930 single work novel ; Arthur W. Upfield : Life and Times of Bony's Man A. J. Milnor , 2008 single work biography ; Up and Down Australia : Short Stories Arthur W. Upfield , 2008 selected work short story ; Up and Down Australia Again : More Short Stories Arthur W. Upfield , 2009 selected work short story ; Up and Down the Real Australia : Autobiographical Articles and The Murchison Murders Arthur W. Upfield , 2009 selected work autobiography non-fiction ; Gripped by Drought Arthur W. Upfield , 1932 single work novel ; Detective Inspector Napoleon Bonaparte: His Life and Times Michael Duke , 2010 single work criticism ; When Bony Was There : A Chronology of the Life and Career of Detective Inspector Napoleon Bonaparte Kees De Hoog , 2010 single work criticism ; A Royal Abduction Arthur W. Upfield , 1932 single work novel
1 Investigating Arthur Upfield : Introduction Carol Hetherington , 2012 single work criticism
— Appears in: Investigating Arthur Upfield : A Centenary Collection of Critical Essays 2012; (p. xiii-xvii)
1 2 y separately published work icon Investigating Arthur Upfield : A Centenary Collection of Critical Essays Kees De Hoog (editor), Carol Hetherington (editor), Newcastle upon Tyne : Cambridge Scholars Press , 2012 Z1832688 2012 anthology criticism 'Arthur Upfield created Detective Inspector Napoleon Bonaparte (Bony) who features in twenty-nine novels written from the 1920s to the the 1960s, mostly set in the Australian Outback. He was the first Australian professional writer of crime detection novels. Upfield arrived in Australia from England on 4 November 1911, and this collection of twenty-two critical essays by academics and scholars has been published to celebrate the centenary of his arrival. The essays were all written after Upfield’s death in 1964 and provide a wide range of responses to his fiction. The contributors, from Australia, Europe and the United States, include journalist Pamela Ruskin who was Upfield’s agent for fifteen years, anthropologists, literary scholars, pioneers in the academic study of popular culture such as John G. Cawelti and Ray B. Browne, and novelists Tony Hillerman and Mudrooroo whose own works have been inspired by Upfield’s. The collection sheds light on the extent and nature of critical responses to Upfield over time, demonstrates the type of recognition he has received and highlights the way in which different preoccupations and critical trends have dealt with his work. The essays provide the basis for an assessment of Upfield’s place not only in the international annals of crime fiction but also in the literary and cultural history of Australia' (Publisher website sighted 15/12/2011).
1 In the Club : Australian Crime Fiction in the USA 1943-1954 Carol Hetherington , 2012 single work criticism
— Appears in: Australian Literary Studies , October-November vol. 27 no. 3/4 2012; (p. 31-45)

Carol Hetherington investigates the inclusion of Australian authors in Doubleday's Crime Club lists in the period 1943-1954. She argues 'that the important common factor in their selection by Doubleday was not that they were Australian writers, but rather that they were mystery writers, and that their commercial success resulted from their acceptance into the mystery 'freemasonary' - a close-knit fraternity of editors, reviewers, publishing firms and mail-order mystery book clubs - in which the Doubleday Crime Club was the pre-eminent player.' (31)

1 Austlit at ASAL Carol Hetherington , 2011 single work column
— Appears in: Phoenix , November no. 10 2011; (p. 6)
1 1 American Friends : Clinton Hartley Grattan and W. W. Norton Carol Hetherington , 2010 single work criticism
— Appears in: Reading Across the Pacific : Australia-United States Intellectual Histories 2010; (p. 81-90)

'Numerous commentators have noted affinities between Australia and America. These observations differ in tone and focus but they are all strongly indicative of a perceived connection between two countries in the 'new' world, former colonies of an imperial power. They are suggestive of literary connections that have never been fully documented or analysed. Studies of links between Australia and England exist, pitched at both the academic and the general audience. But apart from several articles by Laurie Hergenhan, and his 1995 biography of Clinton Hartley Grattan, Australian and American literary connections have been, until recently, largely unexplored.

The first large-scale, systematic examination of the area is currently in progress through David Carter's 2006 ARC-funded research project 'America Publishes Australia: Australian Books and American Publishers, 1890-2005'. If there is a commonality to be found in the history of publishing and reception of Australian literature in America it should emerge from David Carter's study, but I suspect that there will also be evidence of a significant number of unique situations and circumstances which defy generalisation. In this paper I will examine some individual cases of Americans whose connections with Australian literary culture have been of significant and lasting importance, in particular Clinton Hartley Grattan and William Warder Norton' (Author's abstract).

1 Thomas Shapcott Awards Carol Hetherington , 2010 single work criticism
— Appears in: Found in Fryer : Stories from the Fryer Library Collection 2010; (p. 180-181)
Focuses on Shapcott memorabilia in his collection in the Fryer Library: the Golden Wreath Award from the Struga International Poetry Festival in Macedonia, which Shapcott received in 1989, and his badges from the ABC Argonauts' Club, of which he was an enthusiastic member as an adolescent.
1 Gwen Harwood's Sappho Cards Carol Hetherington , 2010 single work criticism
— Appears in: Found in Fryer : Stories from the Fryer Library Collection 2010; (p. 150-151)
Discusses the Fryer Library's collection of postcards created and sent by Gwen harwood to her friends from the 1950s to the 1980s.
1 Old Tricks for New Dogs : Resurrecting Bibliography and Literary History Carol Hetherington , 2009 single work criticism
— Appears in: Resourceful Reading : The New Empiricism, eResearch and Australian Literary Culture 2009; (p. 70-83)
Hetherington argues 'for the need to reinstate bibliography as the cornerstone of literary studies, with central importance not only in literary scholarship but in teaching, specifically in the undergraduate curriculum' (71).
1 Annual Bibliography of Studies in Australian Literature : 2008 Carol Hetherington , Irmtraud Petersson , 2009 single work bibliography
— Appears in: Australian Literary Studies , vol. 24 no. 1 2009; (p. 134-167)
1 1 Bony at Home and Abroad : The Arthur Upfield Phenomenon Carol Hetherington , 2009 single work criticism
— Appears in: JASAL , Special Issue 2009; Investigating Arthur Upfield : A Centenary Collection of Critical Essays 2012; (p. 246-260)
Upfield published thirty-four novels, twenty-nine of them in a crime fiction series featuring the part-Aboriginal detective Inspector Napoleon Bonaparte. His books were widely read in Australia but his financial success came principally through the publication of his work in the United States and Europe, establishing a world-wide reputation through translations into at least fifteen languages. Upfield's following overseas, particularly in America, continued to grow after his death, reaching almost cult proportions and spawning websites, newsletters and new publications as recently as this year (2008). Upfield's mysteries have commonly been categorised as 'cultural tourism', depending for their appeal on an exotic setting and sensational events. This paper contests such a view and examines Upfield's publication, reception and reputation overseas - compared to his comparative neglect in Australia - including issues of cultural translation, the nature of his readership, his relationship with his American editor and publisher, his German translator and the legacy preserved by his fans.
1 Annual Bibliography of Studies in Australian Literature: 2007 Carol Hetherington , Irmtraud Petersson , 2008 single work bibliography
— Appears in: Australian Literary Studies , vol. 23 no. 3 2008; (p. 328-347)
1 'In Their Different Ways, Classics' : Arthur W. Upfield's Detective Fiction Carol Hetherington , 2008 single work criticism
— Appears in: Fact and Fiction : Readings in Australian Literature 2008; (p. 285-298) Investigating Arthur Upfield : A Centenary Collection of Critical Essays 2012; (p. 210-221)
1 Annual Bibliography of Studies in Australian Literature : 2006 Carol Hetherington , Irmtraud Petersson , 2007 single work bibliography
— Appears in: Australian Literary Studies , May vol. 23 no. 1 2007; (p. 104-120)
1 Little Australians? Some Questions about National Identity and the National Literature Carol Hetherington , 2007 single work criticism
— Appears in: Antipodes , June vol. 21 no. 1 2007; (p. 11-15)

Carol Hetherington canvasses aspects of the debate surrounding the 'paradigm of nation' over the period from the late twentieth to the early twenty-first centuries. In the context of the development of AustLit: The Resource for Australian Literature, Hetherington says: 'It seems abundantly clear that while "National constructs are regarded with suspicion" (Nicholas Jose, 'A Shelf of Our Own: Creative Writing and Australian Literature.' Australian Book Review 276 (Nov.) 2005: 27), the tension between maintaining a national focus, and at the same time exploring its boundaries and intersections with other spaces, is likely to provide fruitful discussion.'

Hetherington explores grounds for author inclusion in E. Morris Miller's Australian Literature from Its Beginnings to 1938 (and its 1956 revision) and compares these with later definitions of 'Australian'. Factors considered include place of birth or education; status as visitor, resident or expatriate; and adoption of citizenship.

A case study is provided of sisters Constance Little and Gwenyth Little (qq.v.) to illustrate the challenges involved in assigning nationality.

1 1 Authors, Editors, Publishers : Katharine Susannah Prichard and W. W. Norton Carol Hetherington , 2006 single work criticism
— Appears in: Australian Literary Studies , October vol. 22 no. 4 2006; (p. 417-431)

P.R. Stephensen observed that: 'Americans are interested in us' and instances of this interest on the part of writers, readers and publishers abound, stretching as far back as the nineteenth century, but little attention has been paid to it and a London-centric view of Australian literary production has prevailed. Laurie Hergenhan, in 1995, referred to 'an area that has been little studied - American editions of Australian works' which he noted 'were more extensive than has been realised.'

A particular example of Stephensen's 'real kinship' is to be found in W.W. Norton's relationship with Australian authors - Henry Handel Richardson, the Palmers, and Katharine Susannah Prichard. Norton visited Australia and later established personal relationships with the Palmers and, through them, with Prichard. His edition of Haxby's Circus restored the novel's original title Fay's Circus and re-instated some of the material reluctantly cut by Prichard from the 1930 English edition. This paper explores the relationship between Norton and Prichard and dicusses the American edition of one of Prichard's most highly regarded novels.

1 London Calling? Long-Distance Connections in Australian Literature Carol Hetherington , 2006 single work criticism
— Appears in: London Was Full of Rooms 2006; (p. 244-252)
Approaches to the history of Australian literary production have focused principally on London as the epicentre of Australian literary aspiration - the Mecca for colonial writers and the hub of their publishing world. London is the 'Crowned ogress' of Victor Daley's poem 'When London Calls', first published in the Bulletin in 1900, luring the innocent colonial writer with a siren-song of promises, only to corrupt, distort and ultimately discard. This London is seen as providing the necessary environment for the civilised and creative spirit as well as being the essential conferrer of literary success, indeed legitimacy. The phenomenon has been well documented, from Lawson's savage criticisms of the 'Paternoster Row Machine' through more recent accounts such as Stephen Alomes's book (using Daley's title) detailing the history of Australian expatriate writers. Also well documented has been the revival and expansion of Australian publishing in the 1970s. However, the emphasis on colonial fight-back has obscured a shift in literary engagement exemplified by the 1955 publication of White's The Tree of Man but which may have started many years before - a conversation with America that began almost unnoticed and whose roots and origins need exploration. This article demonstrates how pursuing a bibliographic paper-trail, following places of publication of Australian literary works, casts new light on the extent and nature of the publishing and reception of Australian works overseas and the reasons for that interest in and encouragement of Australian literature.
1 Annual Bibliography of Studies in Australian Literature : 2005 Carol Hetherington , Irmtraud Petersson , 2006 single work bibliography
— Appears in: Australian Literary Studies , May vol. 22 no. 3 2006; (p. 375-389)
1 AustLit: A Resource for Print Culture Research Carol Hetherington , 2005 single work criticism
— Appears in: Journal of Publishing , October vol. 1 no. 1 2005; (p. 115-127)
Research into Australian literary production is hampered by the lack of reference resources. Results from past research are largely scattered and often inaccessible or need up-dating. AustLit is a constantly updated on-line bibliographic database, a national collaboration between eight universities and the National Library of Australia, launched in 2002. Because of its currency, its ability to store and retrieve information about publishers and printers, the publishing history of books, newspapers and journals and its ability to incorporate new research into specially focused, individually searchable subsets, AustLit is well-placed to fill this gap; it can both support and benefit from research into Australia's print culture.